logo
 
 
Member login
Name :
Password :
forgot your password?
info at touch gamesinfo at touch foodsinfo at touch loansinfo at touch moviesinfo at touch travelsinfo at touch jobsinfo at touch cricketinfo at touch mobileinfo at touch newsinfo at touch sendfreesms
SELECT YOUR SERVICE
  Suppliers Directory
  Accounting & Financial Auditing
  Anti-Aging
  Apparel & Garments
  Arts & Crafts
  ATM Sales & Processing
  Auto Towing Services
  Automobile
  Ayurvedic & Herbal Products
  Baby Care
  Banking
  Bicycles & Rickshaws
  Building & Construction
  Business Banking & Finance
  Car Audio
  Car Video
  Cards & Greetings
  Clothing Accessories
  Computer
  Computer Accessories
  Computer Hardware
  Computer Software
  Credit & Lending
  Dyes & Chemicals
  Electronics & Electrical
  Face Care
  Fashion Accessories
  Flower Arrangements
  Food & Beverages
  Footwear
  Furniture Manufacturers
  Gems & Jewelry
  Gifts
  GPS
  Hair Care
  Hair Loss
  Hand & Machine Tools
  Health Care Services
  Holiday Decorations
  Home & Garden
  Home Audio & Video
  Home Supplies
  Home Textiles & Furnishings
  Household Supplies
  Hygiene & Toiletry
  Industrial Supplies
  Insurance
  Investing
  Jewelry
  Leather Products
  Make-Up & Cosmetics
  Mechanical Components
  Medical Products
  Metals & Minerals
  Musical Instruments
  Nail Care
  Natural Stones
  Nutrition & Dieting
  Office & School Supplies
  Oral Care
  Packaging Supplies
  Paper & Paper Products
  Party Supplies
  Perfumes & Fragrances
  Phone Equipment
  Photo & Video
  Plant & Machinery
  Plastic & Plastic Products
  Portable Media Devices
  Printing & Publishing
  Roadside Assistance Services
  Scholarships & Financial Aid
  Shaving & Grooming
  Skin Care
  Spa & Medical Spa
  Sports & Fitness Apparel
  Stationery
  Surveillance Equipment
  Traning & Sun Care
  Wedding Products & Supplies
  Wireless Devices
   
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

A musical instrument is a device created or adapted for the purpose of making musical sounds. In principle, any object that produces sound can serve as a musical instrument—it is through purpose that the object becomes a musical instrument. The history of musical instruments dates back to the beginnings of human culture. The academic study of musical instruments is called organology.

The date and origin of the first device of disputed status as a musical instrument dates back as far as 67,000 years old; artifacts commonly accepted to be early flutes date back as far as about 37,000 years old. However, most historians believe determining a specific time of musical instrument invention to be impossible due to the subjectivity of the definition.

Musical instruments developed independently in many populated regions of the world. However, contact among civilizations resulted in the rapid spread and adaptation of most instruments in places far from their origin. By the Middle Ages, instruments from Mesopotamia could be found in the Malay Archipelago and Europeans were playing instruments from North Africa. Development in the Americas occurred at a slower pace, but cultures of North, Central, and South America shared musical instruments.

A musical instrument can be broadly defined as any device created or adapted for the purpose of making musical sounds. Once humans moved from making sounds with their bodies—for example, by clapping—to using objects to create music from sounds, musical instruments were born

In pursuit of understanding who developed the first musical instruments and when, researchers have discovered various archaeological evidence of musical instruments in many parts of the world. Some finds are as much as 67,000 years old, but their status as musical instruments is often in dispute. Consensus solidifies about artifacts dated back to around 37,000 years old and later. Only artifacts made from durable materials or using durable methods tend to survive. As such, the specimens found cannot be irrefutably placed as the earliest musical instruments.[2]
Drawing of disputed flute by Bob Fink

In July 1995, Slovenian archaeologist Ivan Turk discovered a bone carving in the northwest region of Slovenia. The carving, named the Divje Babe flute, features four holes that Canadian musicologist Bob Fink determined could have been used to play four notes of a diatonic scale. Researchers estimate the flute's age to be between 43,400 and 67,000 years, making it the oldest known musical instrument and the only musical instrument associated with the Neanderthal culture.[3] However, some archaeologists question the flute's status as a musical instrument.[4] German archaeologists have found mammoth bone and swan bone flutes dating back to 30,000 to 37,000 years old in the Swabian Alps. The flutes were made in the Upper Paleolithic age, and are more commonly accepted as being the oldest known musical instruments.[5]

Archaeological evidence of musical instruments was discovered in excavations at the Royal Cemetery in the Sumerian city of Ur (see Lyres of Ur). These instruments include nine lyres, two harps, a silver double flute, sistra and cymbals. A set of reed-sounded silver pipes discovered in Ur was the likely predecessor of modern bagpipes.[6] The cylindrical pipes feature three side-holes that allowed players to produce whole tone scales.[7] These excavations, carried out by Leonard Woolley in the 1920s, uncovered non-degradable fragments of instruments and the voids left by the degraded segments which, together, have been used to reconstruct them.[8] The graves to which these instruments were related have been carbon dated to between 2600 and 2500 BCE, providing evidence that these instruments were being used in Sumeria by this time.[9]

A cuneiform tablet from Nippur in Mesopotamia dated to 2000 BCE indicates the names of strings on the lyre and represents the earliest known example of music notation.[10]

 
 
 
 
 
 
             
 
             
 
             
 
 
 
  Hot Category Emergency Services
Social Media Links
Country We Serve Relevant Links
  youtube.com
twitter.com
flickr.com
digg.com
stumbleupon.com
metacafe.com
scribd.com
reddit.com
del.icio.us
segnalo.com
blogcatalog.com
technorati.com
mixx.com
mister-wong.de
slashdot.org

rojo.com
kaboodle.com
gather.com
folkd.com
India
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Brazil
Canada
China
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Hong Kong
Italy
South Africa
Srilanka
Egypt
Croatia
Venezuela
Viet Nam
  © Copyright 2015-16, Info at Touch All Right Reserved.